Balancing the foreground and the background
Having a well-balanced image is a vital part of good compositions. When thinking about balance we often think only of balancing laterally (horizontally), left versus right. Good balance though also looks at the balance of the image front versus back. It is one thing to have an object on the right balance out an object on the left. But your image will still not be balanced if your foreground or background weighs considerably more than the other.
In this Yosemite scene, El Capitan has a lot of visual weight. To bring balance to this image we need to have something strong in the foreground. I deliberately walked around looking at options and ultimately decided on the river grasses. In this case, the mountain is mostly in the center of the image from left to right. So I place the tufts of river grasses there too. The rule of thirds (vertical lines) is ignored. I just want to balance the scene.
Here are a few tips to help you deal with foreground-background balance:
As photographers, we can get overwhelmed by the beautiful scene and light in front of us that we just want to capture it quickly. Stop and think about your composition and the balance of the image.
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